Selasa, 17 April 2012

Genus bulan ini : Grammatophyllum, "The biggest orchid in the world"

Sahabat anggrek-ist, Grammatophylum adalah salah satu genus dari keluarga orhidaceae yang terdiri dari 11 sampai 12 spesies. Species-species dari genus ini dapat ditemukan di Asia Tenggara, Indonesia, New Guinea, Filipina dan Pasifik tenggara. Genus ini pertama kali dideskripsikan oleh Blume pada tahun 1825 menggunakan Grammatophylum speciosum sebagai type of spesies nya.

Semua Grammatophyllum hidup sebagai epifit yang berukuran sedang sampai besar dengan dua bentuk pseodobulb yang berbeda. Salah satunya adalah bentuk pseudobulb yang menyerupai tongkat dengan daun yang banyak seperti tanaman tebu, sementara yang lain memiliki pseudobulbs pendek, pipih dan tebal yang memiliki beberapa daun puncaknya.

Bunga-bunga
untuk kedua jenis bentuk pseudobulb ini memiliki ukuran cukup besar, dengan warna sebagian besar seperti bunga zaitun hijau, coklat, atau kuning dengan bunga yang banyak ditangkainya. Beberapa species dari genus ini ada yang memiliki ukuran tanaman yang sangat besar (Grammatophyllum speciosum). Bahkan diketahui dapat mencapai tinggi 4 meter dengan berat mencapai 3 ton, sehingga dinobatkan sebagi tanaman anggrek terbesar di dunia. Bunga-bunga yang keluar dari tangkainya yang panjang pun sangat banyak jumlahnya. Satu tangkai bahkan dapat membawa sampai ratusan bunga. Sungguh sangat menakjubkan!!! Dengan demikian perlu dipikirkan jika ingin memeliharanya dalam ruang yang terbatas.

Grammatophyllum speciosum dan Grammatophyllum scriptum di Indonesia lebih dikenal sebagai "Anggrek Macan atau anggrek tebu" dan "Anggrek Harimau". Ini mungin karena motif bunganya yang bertotol-totol menyerupai motif kulit macan. Atau karena bentuk tanaman yang menyerupai tanaman tebu.

Berikut adalah species-species yang termasuk dalam genus ini. Selamat menikmati keindahannya.
.


Grammatophyllum rumphianum


Grammatophyllum elegans


Grammatophyllym measuresianum

Grammatophyllum martae


Grammatophyllum multiflorum


Grammatophyllum kinibaluense


Grammatophyllum scriptum


Grammatophyllum speciosum


Grammatophyllum stapeliiflorum


Grammatophyllum pantherinum

Foto : www.orchidspecies.com

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